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Periodontal Disease Lake Oswego OR


Digital illustration showing three teeth with indications of gum disease stagesPeriodontal disease, often known as gum disease, is a prevalent condition affecting the gum tissue around your teeth, leading to symptoms like gingivitis, bleeding gums, and deterioration of the gum line.

The importance of keeping your teeth healthy, the risks associated with gum disease, and the effective treatments available at The Dentist on Boones Ferry, such as scaling, root planing, and flap surgery are crucial when learning about gum disease. Understanding these can help prevent and manage this oral health issue before it progresses.

What is Periodontal Disease?


Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, encompasses a range of conditions affecting the gum tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth. It begins as gingivitis, marked by red, bleeding gums, and can progress to more severe forms where the gum line recedes, jeopardizing teeth health.

If untreated, it necessitates interventions like scaling and root planing or flap surgery to manage infection and promote healing. Maintaining healthy gums is crucial for overall dental health, as periodontal disease can lead to significant dental and systemic health issues.

Causes of Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, encompasses a range of conditions that affect the gum tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth. Understanding its causes is key to keeping teeth healthy and preventing progression to more severe stages like gingivitis and periodontitis.

Bacterial Buildup and Plaque Formation


The main cause of the periodontal disease is the accumulation of plaque, a sticky substance primarily made up of bacteria. If plaque is allowed to gather at the gum line and isn't effectively removed with routine brushing and flossing, it can solidify into tartar. This hard deposit irritates the gum tissue and provides a more robust surface for additional plaque buildup, exacerbating the condition.

Inflammation and Infection


As the body's immune system fights against the bacterial invasion, inflammation occurs, leading to swollen, tender, and bleeding gums - a condition called gingivitis.

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that may become infected. This stage of gum disease can lead to significant tissue and bone destruction around the teeth.

Risk Factors and Contributing Conditions


Several risk factors contribute to the development and severity of the periodontal disease. Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors and can lower the success rate of some treatments, such as flap surgery and scaling and root planing.

Hormonal changes in women, such as those occurring during pregnancy or menopause, can make gums more sensitive and more vulnerable to gum disease. Other contributing factors include diabetes, medications that reduce saliva flow, genetic susceptibility, and poor oral hygiene habits.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, encompasses a range of symptoms that can signal its presence. Early detection and treatment are crucial for maintaining teeth health and preventing more severe consequences.

Early Signs: Gingivitis


The initial stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. This condition is characterized by inflammation of the gum tissue, primarily at the gum line. One of the most noticeable symptoms of gingivitis is bleeding gums, often during brushing or flossing.

The gums may also appear red and swollen and can feel tender when touched. These signs should serve as an early warning to consult a dental professional.

Progression to Periodontitis


If gingivitis is not addressed, it can become a more serious condition called periodontitis. As the disease advances, the symptoms intensify. Individuals might observe their gums pulling away, revealing more of the tooth and forming pockets around the teeth.

These pockets can harbor harmful bacteria, leading to infections that may cause pus between the teeth and gums, further exacerbating the problem.

Advanced Symptoms: Severe Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease can lead to noticeable changes in the mouth and dental structure in advanced stages. Teeth may loosen or shift position in the mouth due to the weakened supporting gum tissue and bone. Additionally, persistent bad breath (halitosis) and a bad taste in the mouth can occur despite regular brushing.

Complications and Risks Associated with Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, encompasses a range of conditions that affect the gum tissue, including gingivitis and periodontitis. This disease poses significant risks not only to your oral health but also to your overall well-being.

Oral Health Complications


Periodontal disease begins with gingivitis, characterized by inflammation and bleeding gums, especially along the gum line. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, where the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets.

Infected pockets may develop, resulting in the deterioration of bone and connective tissue that anchor teeth. In the most severe stages of periodontal disease, this can lead to tooth loss, profoundly impacting the ability to maintain healthy teeth and carry out regular eating and speaking activities.

Systemic Health Risks


The impact of periodontal disease extends beyond the mouth. Research suggests a link between chronic periodontal disease and several systemic diseases. Individuals with untreated gum disease have a higher risk of cardiovascular problems, including heart attacks and strokes, due to the inflammation and bacteria entering the bloodstream.

Additionally, periodontal disease is linked with worsened control of diabetes, respiratory diseases, and even complications during pregnancy, such as preterm birth and low birth weight.

Treatment to Mitigate Risks


Addressing periodontal disease promptly through professional dental care is crucial. Treatments like scaling and root planing can effectively clean the pockets around teeth, preventing further damage to gum tissue.

For more severe cases, flap surgery may be necessary to reduce the size of these pockets and improve the attachment between the gum tissue and teeth, thus helping to keep teeth healthy and secure.

Schedule with Your Lake Oswego Dentist Today!


Understanding periodontal disease is crucial for maintaining oral and overall health. If you're experiencing signs such as gingivitis, bleeding gums, or issues with your gum tissue, consider proactive treatments like scaling and root planing or flap surgery to keep your teeth healthy.

Don't let gum disease compromise your smile and well-being. For expert care and personalized treatment plans, schedule a visit to The Dentist on Boones Ferry, where your oral health is our top priority. Take the first step towards a healthier mouth today and call us at (971) 377-1208.
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